Saturday 21 October 2017 16:21:40 PHT

Hiligaynon-English Dictionary

Search the complete text of Kaufmann's 1934 Visayan-English Dictionary.

Searching for pan- in head words. 2 entries found.

pan, (Sp. pan) Bread. (cf. tinápay).
pan—, A prefix denoting plurality. It indicates:—

1.) an often repeated action, or an action done by way of trade or profession, e.g. Ang pamalígyà kag pamakál (pan, balígyà; pan, bakál)—Buying and selling.

2.) the way, manner, form, shape, of what the root implies, e.g. Matáas siá sing pamáa (pan, páa)—He is long-legged. Maláin ang íya pamábà (pan, bábà)—He uses bad language. His mouth is vile.

3.) the looking for, or gathering of, what the root implies, e.g. pangáhoy (pan, káhoy)—to gather wood; pangítà (pan, kítà)—to seek.

Note. In the above examples pan—has changed into pam—and pang—, the n of pan—being influenced by the initial letter of the root.

Before r no change is made, e.g. panrára.

Before d, n, s, t, the n of pan—remains unchanged, but the first letter of the root is dropped, e.g. panalók (pan, dalók); panúsnus (pan, núsnus); panabát (pan, sabát); panúluk (pan, túluk).

Before b, f, m, p, the n of pan—is changed to m, and the first letter of the root is dropped, e.g. pamáklay, (pan, báklay); pamuérsa (pan, fuérsa); pamúkmuk (pan, múkmuk); pamígos (pan, pígos).

Before k and the vowels pang—is written, and the k is dropped, e.g. pangúlbà (pan, kúlbà); pangáway (pan, áway); panginúm (pan, inúm); pangólhot (pan, ólhot); pangúrut (pan, úrut).

Before g, h, l, w, y either pan—or pang is written, e.g. pangábut or panggábut (gábut); panhálad or panghálad (halad); panlángbas or panglángbas (lángbas); panwárik or pangwárik (wárik); panyáwyaw or pangyáwyaw (yáwyaw).

For the composite forms nagpan—, magapan—, magpan—the shortened forms nan—, nang—, nang—, nam—, man—, mang—, mang—, mam—, are mostly used, the choice depending on the tense and the first letter of the root, e.g. Nagpanglakát na silá—or—nanglakát na silá. They have gone.

 

Madámù nga salámat to the dedicated volunteer proofreaders for making this on-line dictionary possible! Please help making more Philippine works (including dictionaries) available online by proofreading at Project Gutenberg Distributed Proofreaders in the US or Canada.